Montagne Fiorentine Model Forest, Italy

Chile, like Canada, is blessed with a vibrant forest sector which strives to balance both economic and environmental benefits derived from the forest. With approximately 14.5 million hectares of protected area encompassing 19.2% of its land base, Chile has one the world’s highest percentages of protected forests in the world. In addition, the forest sector is Chile’s second largest exporting industry.
The Bergslagen region in Sweden has a very long history of industrial use of minerals, forests and water. Streams and rivers in the Bergslagen region have more dams and hydropower plants than other regions in Sweden, and the history of forest management for industrial wood is long. This has impacted streams and riparian forests and reduced the quality of brown trout habitat. Brown trout is a regionally important species for both sport fishing and rural development.
Vilhelmina Model Forest, Sweden. Use of the boreal landscape in Northern Sweden is shared between several land users. Forestry, reindeer husbandry, tourism and environmental protection are all practiced largely on the same areas. Many non-renewable uses such as mining are also prominent. Conflicts can arise when property and land use interests overlap. For example, reindeer husbandry is largely practiced by the indigenous Sami people of northern Sweden who are guaranteed access to land for reindeer grazing.
There is increasing agreement among international organizations that the “landscape approach” is the most effective method for incorporating conservation and human development dimensions into land use planning and the broader sustainable development agenda. It recognizes a landscape as more than a geographical territory.
Six key governance factors identified from more than 20 years of global Model Forest experience
 
The Ifrane National Park, with its dominant cedar forests of the Middle Atlas Mountains of Morocco, is the forestry heartland of the Ifrane Model Forest covering 357,300 ha.
 
The stunning natural beauty is offset by a poverty rate in the region of more than 31 percent. Poverty creates major pressures on the region’s resources, especially its forests, because of the need for fuel wood and grazing areas. It could lead to potential long-term desertification. 
 
Wildfires have an obvious effect on the forest. In uncontrolled situations they can destroy vast areas of valuable timber resources. But with proper management, the effects of fire can be mitigated. To do this properly requires intensive research.
 
Kodagu Model Forest, India
 
The Vilhelmina Model Forest was established in 2004 as the first Model Forest in Europe. The site covers about 870 000 ha of boreal forest in northwest Sweden and includes a landscape that transitions into the alpine environments of the Scandinavian Mountain Range. The area is sparsely populated and the land is viewed as a common pool for various needs and interests. Over the past ten years, the Model Forest has been involved in a wide range of projects and has had tremendous success in addressing many forest issues.