Ngao Model Forest

Country: Thailand
Location: Central Thailand (600 km north of Bangkok)
Year joined IMFN: 2000
Area of Model Forest: 175 159 hectares
Regional affiliation: Regional Model Forest Network for Asia

Contact information

Ms. Phusin Ketanond
National Project Counterpart
Forest Officer - Plant Conservation and Protection Division; Department of National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
6th Floor, Suraswadi Building
61 Pahonyothin Road, Chatuchak
Bangkok 10900

Phone/fax: (66 2) 5614292-3 Ext.417; (66 2) 5614838

Forest and resource profile

Approximately 65% forested. Deciduous forest and teak plantations. High biodiversity of plants, birds and mammals. The area has limestone caves and ancient rock face paintings. Mountainous area with large areas of rich agricultural land in river valleys. Includes three main rivers which drain into the Mae Yom, an existing research forest, and national park. Approximately 60 villages are located within the Model Forest area, with a total population of 50 000. Land is 80% state owned, 20% privately owned.

Economic profile

Family income is derived principally from agriculture, where non-timber forest products (NFTPs) play an important role in the subsistence economy. With a logging ban in effect, agriculture, tourism, NTFPs, and other sectors play dominant role. The area has limestone caves, ancient rock face paintings and natural and plantation teak forests.

Why a Model Forest?

Encroachment on protected land, illegal logging, over-extraction of NTFPs, conflicts between forest managers and local villagers.

Strategic goals

Ngao Model Forest resources are protected, managed and used on a sustainable basis through the Model Forest approach:

  • Building a strong partnership group to ensure the involvement of all stakeholders
  • Improving the livelihood of local populations through sustainable use of forest land and resources
  • Conservation and maintenance of biodiversity and watershed areas through collaborative management
  • Links between research and operation so that new technologies can be made available for stakeholders and networks

Accomplishments to date

  • Established and legally registered the Ngao Model Forest Association in October 2002 (more than 24 partners or partner groups)
  • Increased awareness of the important of sustainable forest management among local people and other government agencies
  • Model Forest areas are being used as demonstration sites for collaborative management, research and best forest management pratices
  • Promoted the improvement of livelihoods through bamboo and medicinal plants cultivation, edible insect farming, and "lac" production
  • Initiated development of criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management
  • Development of field manual and guidelines for local and national stakeholders on bamboo and charcoal processing, economic diversification of the Rain Tree, utilization and cultivation of paper mulberry and edible insect rearing