Newfoundland and Labrador

Country: Canada
Location: Cornerbrook, Newfoundland
Area: 923 000 hectares
Regional affiliation: Canadian Model Forest Network (est. 1992)
Contact information
Model Forest of Newfoundland & Labrador
19-21 West Street
P.O. Box 68
Corner Brook, NL
A2H 6C3
C. Sean Dolter, General Manager
(709) 637-7300 ext. 2
Phone: (709) 637-7300
Fax: (709) 634-0255

Forest and resource profile

Newfoundland and Labrador is on the eastern edge of North America's boreal forest. Within the Model Forest, west coast forests consist mainly of pure stands of balsam fir growing in moist, well-drained soils. Black spruce forms about one-third of the forests on the Island and two-thirds in Labrador. Black Spruce is found primarily in the central plateau of Newfoundland, and white spruce on more favourable sites. White birch and trembling aspen are common among mixed wood and hardwood stands, especially the deep river valleys of the Western Long Range Mountains and the Humber and Red Indian Lake watersheds.
The region consists of mainly rural, coastal communities. Gros Morne National Park is located within the Model Forest boundary. The landscape is a mixture of forested, coastal, barren and mountainous. Wildlife on the island of Newfoundland includes native species such as caribou, black bear, lynx, fox, Newfoundland marten, beaver and arctic hare. Other species such as moose, coyote, red squirrels and snowshoe hare have been introduced to the island.
  • 42% is productive forest land
  • 24% is softwood scrub
  • 21% is rock or soil barrens and bog
The remainder is water, residential, rights-of-way and cleared land. Over 96 per cent of the Model Forest land base is owned or controlled by WNMF partners. For example, Corner Brook Pulp and Paper Ltd. owns or leases approximately 50 per cent; Crown land amounts to 15.3 per cent, Abitibi Consolidated Company of Canada owns or has license to 9.4 per cent, and Gros Morne National Park controls 20.3 per cent. There are 453,535 hectares of protected areas within the WNMF boundaries.
Economic profile
Along with forestry and a long-standing pulp and paper industry, communities in the Western Newfoundland Model Forest region depend on other natural resource-based industries such as mining, offshore oil and gas development, fishing, tourism, and, to a lesser extent, farming. Construction and service industries are also an important economic driver in western Newfoundland.
Why a Model Forest?
With many demands on Newfoundland and Labrador's natural resources and a diversity of values to be considered as part of land management, we recognize the value of providing a place for partners in industry, government, academia, environmental and community organizations to come to share ideas and difficulties, and find practical solutions to problems. The WNMF partnership has established relationships between diverse partners where none might ever have existed, and offers assistance in facilitation, conflict resolution and providing leadership to allow partners to work together and produce products/tools that help advance sustainable forest management(SFM). This collaboration has helped us conduct and facilitate a wealth of projects ranging from pure science to educational opportunities that focus on SFM in Newfoundland and beyond.
  • Provincial Government - 20%
  • Federal Government - 15%
  • Municipal Government -  5%
  • Academia -  15%
  • Industry - 10%
  • NGO -  35%
Strategic goals
  • Planning and Support
    Using a balanced approach (equal consideration for ecological, social and economic values), develop sustainable forest management (SFM) systems and tools and increase the capacity for partners to implement approaches within and beyond our boundaries.
  • Knowledge Transfer and Communications
    Communicate national, provincial and local SFM priorities through the dissemination of results and knowledge by working in cooperation with the Canadian Forest Service, Model Forest network, provincial partners, affiliated stakeholders and the public.
  • Outreach and Involvement
    Increase the level of public understanding of SFM within the province to provide opportunities for effective participation.
Accomplishments to date
Our partners work together to achieve balance in forest management planning, allowing them to reap social and economic benefits from the forest while protecting its environmental sustainability and biological diversity. Since 1992, our partners have been actively involved in a wealth of projects spanning areas including wildlife protection and research, forest infrastructure mapping and inventories, environmental biodiversity, domestic and commercial wood harvesting, socio-economics, recreation, management planning, education and communications. Our work has generated an impressive suite of research, forest management tools and models, and educational modules that have enhanced sustainable forest management in Newfoundland and Labrador.
International policy links
The WNMF is working with its partner, College of the North Atlantic (CNA), to offer CNA's Forest Resources technician program to international students.